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The theory of proverbs
Przedmiotem rozważań są definicje przysłów w literaturze, ich historia oraz znaczenie w życiu współczesnym.
Publikacja w języku angielskim.
The collection of proverbs dates back to millenia, to Sumerian cuneiform tablets, and the theory of proverbs has also a long history. The problem of defining a proverb appears to be as old as man's interest in them. Not only did such great minds as Aristotle and Plato occupy themselves with the question of what constitues a proverb, but early Greek paremiographers in particular wrestled with this seemingly insurmountable task as well (Mieder, Wolfgang. 1985). Jan Fredrik Kindstrand reviewed some of these early definition attempts in this fascinating paper on "The Greek Concept of Proverbs", and Barlett Jere Whiting had already in 1932 assembled dozens of definitions from ancient times to the modern age in his remarkable essay on "The Nature of the Proverb". The last fifty years since Whiting's detailed study have witnessed highly scholarly articles, monographs and even books which all seek to come to terms with a universal proverb definition. Scholars around the world continue to find their own so-called "working definitions", of which some of the most recent attempts in the English language are those by Shirley Arora, Nigel Barley, Otto Blehr, Margaret Bryant, David Cram, Alan Dundes, Galit Hasan-Rokem, George Milner, Peter Seitel, etc.
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